Working from home: your guide to the tech you’re going to need

With the coronavirus pandemic leading to an increasing number of of us being requested to work remotely, it’s time to familiarize yourself with what’s required for working from home for more than just a day at a time.

Broadly talking you have got two choices: a desktop pc or a laptop computer.


Desktops are available all styles and sizes, together with all-in-ones resembling Apple’s iMac that embrace a display screen. {Photograph}: Vivaldi

Desktop computer systems have just a few benefits, with one huge draw back: you’ll be able to’t simply transfer them.

The upsides are they’re usually cheaper, can usually be upgraded pretty simply and cheaply, and lower-cost desktops will probably age higher than their laptop computer counterparts when it comes to efficiency.

Most fashionable desktops will be capable to deal with basic workplace work. They arrive in two varieties: towers, to which you connect a monitor, keyboard and mouse, and all-in-ones, that are computer systems constructed into the again of screens, resembling Apple’s iMac and Home windows PC equivalents.

Some fundamental specs ought to embrace:

Processor: search for a ninth or 10th-generation Intel i5 or i7, AMD’s Ryzen 5 2500 or Intel’s i3 on the lowest finish

RAM: 8GB minimal

Storage: an SSD with 256GB of storage minimal, some machines can also include giant capability conventional HDD too

Search for a discrete graphics card made by Nvidia or AMD for those who work in a artistic content material business, resembling photograph or video enhancing or related.


Laptops are extremely popular because they contain everything you need in one package, but they also promote poor posture.

Laptops are extraordinarily fashionable as a result of they include every thing you want in a single bundle, however in addition they promote poor posture. {Photograph}: Samuel Gibbs/The Guardian

The massive benefit of a laptop computer – portability – has one huge draw back: horrible ergonomics making you hunch over which is unhealthy in your again, shoulders and wrists. Think about various your working place and top throughout the day, from sitting at a desk or kitchen desk to standing at a kitchen work floor.

There’s a huge vary in laptops together with conventional hinged laptops, 2-in-1s the place the keyboard folds all the best way around the again and convertibles the place the display screen detaches from the keyboard to show right into a pill.

Broadly talking conventional laptops might be cheaper. It is best to search for a ninth or 10th-generation Intel i5 or i7 processor, not less than 8GB of RAM (ideally 16GB if an possibility) and 256GB of SSD storage – don’t purchase a laptop computer that solely has a conventional exhausting drive, and nothing beneath 128GB.

As well as it’s important to contemplate the display screen, keyboard and trackpad. A 13in to 14in display screen might be advantageous for many makes use of, so look out for a decision of not less than 1080p (1920 x 1200 or related). The upper the decision the crisper the display screen will look.

Laptops with poor keyboards or a poor trackpad may be infuriating to make use of, so examine critiques before you purchase. In case you’re actually worth constrained and do all of your work in browser, contemplate a Chromebook which is able to provide a significantly better expertise on the low finish than an equally low cost Home windows laptop computer.

You should use a riser or a pile of books to convey laptops as much as eye-level, or connect them to an exterior monitor, and join a keyboard and mouse to enhance ergonomics.


You might be looking for a slightly less ambitious set up for your home office than a multi-screen trader, but picking a good monitor can make all the difference.

You could be searching for a barely much less bold arrange in your house workplace than a multi-screen dealer, however choosing a great monitor could make all of the distinction. {Photograph}: Armando Babani/EPA

In case you’re shopping for a tower desktop you want a monitor, which are available an enormous array of sizes, resolutions and costs.

As much as 24in Full HD, 1080p or related decision ought to be advantageous, though Quad HD, 1440p or related will look crisper. Bigger screens profit vastly from elevated decision with QHD being a minimal at 27in or above, and 4K screens being a luxurious.

Search for a monitor with top adjustment, and place the highest of the display screen at eye stage. In case your monitor doesn’t provide top adjustment contemplate a third-party stand if VESA suitable (the handbook or specs ought to inform you) or rigorously propping it up on a riser or stack of books.


A good external keyboard will help keep your home office more ergonomic over the long haul.

exterior keyboard will assist preserve your house workplace extra ergonomic over the lengthy haul. {Photograph}: Igor Stevanovic/Alamy

Keyboards too vary in worth from the pretty low cost to the designer costly. In case you sort for a residing it’s value investing in a great keyboard. They arrive in USB or wi-fi variations, which at the moment are usually join through the Bluetooth accessible within the overwhelming majority of recent laptops and desktops.

Wi-fi keyboards are neater however usually require batteries, so ensure you purchase some rechargeable batteries to suit them. Most will final months on a set of AA or AAAs.

Some individuals swear by mechanical keyboards, which appear like they need to ship with PCs from the 1990s and require extra bodily motion on the keys to activate, whereas others like scissor-switch keyboards which might be shallower and extra like these on a laptop computer. Stick with whichever sort you’re snug with.

Don’t forgot a mouse too. Keep away from fancy-looking flat ones and contemplate a extra ergonomically formed one or a vertical mouse to assist with wrist ache.

Noise-cancelling headphones

Noise-cancelling headphones help block out distractions and signify that you’re at work and not to be disturbed, helping those around you to not inadvertently interrupt.

Noise-cancelling headphones assist block out distractions and signify that you simply’re at work and to not be disturbed, serving to these round you to not inadvertently interrupt. {Photograph}: Bose

After the pc and desk arrange, noise cancelling headphones could be the subsequent greatest tip, notably helpful if your house workplace is extra just like the kitchen desk. They’re additionally helpful for video conferencing or cellphone calls, as most have built-in microphones.

One of the best within the enterprise are the Bose QC35 II, however most giant, over ear headphones will assist.


Webcams are built into most laptops and tablets, but if you have a desktop or external monitor you might need one now that everyone’s switching to video calls.

Webcams are constructed into most laptops and tablets, however in case you have a desktop or exterior monitor you would possibly want one now that everybody’s switching to video calls. {Photograph}: Richard A Brooks/AFP/Getty Pictures

Webcams would possibly appear to be an antiquated suggestion, however with video conferencing being in vogue, for those who’re utilizing desktop with separate monitor you might need to purchase one. Fortunately they vary from about £20 and up, with higher-priced fashions aimed toward streamers.

Software program

Now you’ve obtained your {hardware} sorted, it’s time to consider software program. You’ll have instruments offered by your employer, if not there are many free and easy-to-use items of software program, so listed here are some options:

Paperwork and spreadsheets

If you want to phrase course of or deal with spreadsheets, Google’s on-line Docs suite works fantastically in a browser. Alternate options embrace Microsoft’s free Workplace on-line or Apple’s free Pages and Sheets on a Mac.

Picture enhancing

Most computer systems will include fundamental picture enhancing built-in, resembling Microsoft’s Images and Apple’s Preview or Images. The free GIMP (GNU Picture Manipulation Program) is highly effective however pretty complicated. Paint.Web is pretty feature-packed however easy on Home windows, and Google Images in a browser can deal with fundamental photograph enchancment jobs.

Video conferencing

Chances are high you’re going to finish up utilizing what your employer supplies, resembling Zoom, Google Chat, Microsoft Groups and so forth The primary shopper instruments are Microsoft’s Skype, Google’s Duo and Apple’s Face Time, the final of which solely works on Apple gadgets. Most phone-based messaging apps, together with Sign, WhatsApp and Fb Messenger, additionally provide video chat, which may be simpler to make use of.

Is the UK’s broadband as much as the job?

The UK’s broadband should be ok with us all working from home, but whether your router can handle it is another matter.

The UK’s broadband ought to be OK with us all working from house, however whether or not your router can deal with it’s one other matter. {Photograph}: Rui Vieira/PA

Will the UK’s broadband address everybody working from house?

Sure. And it’s all because of streamers like Netflix. That’s as a result of, in response to BT, everybody working from house consumes much less bandwidth than the night peak of everybody streaming TV, downloading video games and different bandwidth intensive duties.

Howard Watson, BT’s chief know-how and data officer, mentioned: “Even when the identical heavy information site visitors that we see every night had been to run all through the daytime, there may be nonetheless sufficient capability for work-applications to run concurrently.”

OK, so why is my wifi sluggish?

Simply because the nation’s broadband infrastructure can cope, doesn’t imply your personal house broadband gained’t want slightly TLC. There are a number of issues to contemplate:

Your broadband pace

You would possibly discover {that a} sluggish broadband bundle isn’t sufficient when shared between everybody working and streaming at house all on the similar time. It’s not simply the obtain pace both as work video conferencing, file transfers and so forth may be demanding on the usually considerably slower add speeds.

You could have to pay for a sooner bundle, or cease the children streaming when you’re working.

Do you want a brand new router?

Your router is a tiny, low cost pc and it will get previous like anything. In case you haven’t had your router changed within the final six years, you may most likely do with a brand new one, which is able to assist with wifi speedand additionally vary. Contact your service supplier.

Wifi vary extenders

Wifi energy and pace diminishes the additional you’re out of your router. You could want to maneuver the router to the center of the home for those who can.

In case you can’t, wifi vary extenders (£30 and up) or powerline networking (£60 and up), utilizing {the electrical} wires as surrogate ethernet cables, might help.

Failing that, mesh networking is your costly, however highly effective pal, changing your router’s wifi with a collection of nodes that ship wifi everywhere in the home. Complete-home techniques begin at about £150 and scale to £400 for the easiest.

Ought to I simply flip it on and off once more?

It sounds daft in 2020 to say this, however sure. Low-cost routers can get befuddled for any variety of causes, notably if pushed exhausting. Flip off your router on the wall or swap, wait not less than 20 seconds, then swap it again on.

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